Most fires start small. Fires can usually by brought under control if they are attacked correctly with the right type and size of extinguisher within the first few minutes. Below are a simple set of rules to go by to ensure safety when using an extinguisher.
1. Have the correct type and size extinguisher. Some extuinguishers are designed for certain types of fires.
2. A fire extinguisher should be CSA approaved. The higher the rating number on an A or B type extinguisher, means the more fire it can put out.
3. Before attempting to fight a SMALL fire be sure everyone is out of the building. It is important to have someone call the fire department. If the fire starts to spread or threatens your escape path, Get out!!
4. The user must know how to use the extinguisher.
IF YOU FIGHT A FIRE, REMEMBER THE WORD P.A.S.S.
|PULL the pin:
This unlocks the operating lever and allows you to discharge the extinguisher. Some extinguishers may have other lever-release mechanisms.
Point the extinguisher nozzle (or hose) at the base of the fire.
|SQUEEZE the lever above the handle:
This discharges the extinguishing agent. Releasing the lever will stop the discharge. (Some extinguishers have a button instead of a lever.)
|SWEEP from side to side:
Moving carefully toward the fire, keep the extinguisher aimed at the base of the fire and sweep back and forth until the flames appear to be out. Watch the fire area. If the fire re-ignites, repeat the process.
NEVER fight a fire if even one of the following is true!!